Cut your teeth on oral health solutions

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 Oral health is a key indicator of
overall health, well-being and quality of life. However, to maintain a
good oral health without pain and discomfort, it takes more than
attention to brushing, flossing, and regular check-ups; given that oral
health has to address a host of diseases and conditions.

One among them is orofacial myofunctional disorders that arise when
the natural development of the bones and muscles in the face and mouth
the oropharynx  has been hindered in some way. The condition is often
found early in life and can manifest in problems with eating,
swallowing, speaking, breathing and teeth alignment.

Early intervention
One of the preventive treatment methods for these disorders is
myofunctional therapy a programme aimed to strengthen and retrain the
oropharynx muscles through simple, repeated face and neck exercises. A
lesser-known and developing area where Dr Shifa Arshad and her team, at
We Litt le in Coimbatore, have achieved remarkable success by treating
over 5,000 children in the past decade. “It wasn’t easy to convince
medical professionals and hospitals as they were sceptical about
myofunctional therapy; it was conventional to go for surgeries and
corrective measures.

Myofunctional therapy was also not monetarily enhanced as a surgical
approach. So, I had to quit and start a clinic of my own. Explaining the
procedure to parents was even more challenging back then. After
successful results and word-ofmouth exposure, we have patients from
foreign countries and celebrities in India who frequent my clinic,” says
Dr Shifa, who specialises in paediatric dentistry.

She will be opening a clinic at RK Salai in Chennai by the first week
of April. Over the years, We Little has been emphasising on painless
dentistry to solve problems such as cavities, broken or lost teeth, and
those pertaining to a child’s oral health. Some of their services
include painless dentistry, natural teeth straightening, breath
retraining, tongue and lip tie; myofunctional therapy is the most
sought-after service.

Slow and steady
Dr Shifa explains a few dental problems related to myofunctional
disorders in kids. “While there are many ways in which myofunctional
disorders manifest, it’s most visible in the teeth alignment for kids.
When a child swallows incorrectly, the tip and/or sides of the tongue
press against or spread between the teeth. This is commonly called a
tongue thrust. When a child swallows incorrectly, it will often purse
and tighten the muscles of the cheeks, chin and lips a symptom known as a
facial grimace.

A person with abnormal oral muscle pattern may have speech-related
issues and difficulty in articulating sounds. Sleep-related problems
such as obstructive sleep apnea and snoring are also common,” she
details. Myofunctional therapy is painless and the exercises are
relatively simple. When certain muscles of the face are activated, other
muscles will follow suit until proper coordination of the tongue and
facial muscles is attained, she suggests. While it’s true that
myofunctional therapy works best when people are younger, it can still
work for people of all ages.

The body is constantly remodeling itself, including the bones. And
the jawbones are the most dynamic in the body, making them receptive to
changes in the forces around them, including the forces released by
myofunctional therapy. “Kids as young as two years come for the therapy.
The process ranges anywhere from six to 24 months for completion and
the speed of recovery is subjective. After examining their jaw
positioning and teeth alignment, we suggest a few exercises and dietary
modifications. There’s no single set of exercise that applies to all.

Everything is customised based on the condition,” elaborates Dr
Shifa. The goal in this treatment approach is to eliminate bad habits of
the tongue and other muscles that can impact the structure and health
of your teeth and jaws. The exercises can help straighten your teeth and
provide other cosmetic benefits, but you can also enjoy better biting,
chewing, speaking, and swallowing functions. For success in this
therapy, consistent exercise every day is necessary until the patient
has corrected their improper muscle pattern. It also takes time and
commitment by the patient and their family.

Awareness and acceptance
Currently, Dr Shifa is educating parents about essential early
intervention of oral health in children, which helps in proper growth,
good sleep and facial features. “We’ve observed that kids who are
breastfed for a minimum of two years develop a well-aligned set of teeth
compared to those that are bottle- fed. Bottle feeding can lead to
crooked teeth, which will affect sleep pattern and result in
neurological problems.

Everything in the body is inter-connected. The earlier we treat it,
the better it is for the child while growing up,” she says. To cater to a
wider population, Dr Shifa has developed Myoline, a protocol for
Myofunctional Therapy that involves breath, muscle and sleep retraining
exercises. “If someone is trained in this for 28-32 hours, then they can
give the therapy with a basic dental degree. Many oral problems can be
fixed by following oral restrictions, myofunctional habits and dietary
modifications.

Under the able guidance, oral hygiene is naturally possible for every
child. In addition to the above, there are regular pediatric dental
treatments. We can spread awareness by training more professionals,”
assures Dr Shifa, who along with like-minded professionals is also
working on Tongue Foundation, a website, that hopes to educate people
about the impor tance of oral hygiene.

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